日本語用論学会

Post Conference

イシュトヴァーン・ケチュケーシュ先生 (ニューヨーク州立大学名誉教授)

Dr. Istvan Kecskes (Distinguished Professor of the State University of New York, Albany)

 

11月25日(月)の夕方(時間未定・決まり次第アナウンスします)、京都駅近くの「キャンパスプラザ京都」にて行います。タイトルは、

The socio-cognitive approach to pragmatics

ケチュケーシュ先生には、学会での講演と違って、小規模な会場でカジュアルなレクチャーをお願いしています。
 タイトルにある「社会・認知的な語用論へのアプローチ」(the socio-cognitive approach to pragmatics) とは、語用論的な意味での協調性 (cooperation) と、認知的な意味での「自己中心性」 (egocentrism) が、コミュニケーションの諸局面で相互に作用しながら現れるとするものです。社会的な存在である個人が、自身の知識や経験を基にコミュニケーションに参加し、試行錯誤や誤解などのマイナス要素も想定したアプローチで、哲学の伝統にある従来の語用論よりもダイナミックな理論が提案されています。会話分析、用法基盤モデル、コーパス研究など、現実の言語使用を基にコミュニケーションにアプローチしようとする語用論研究者にとって、必ずや得るところ大です。平日の開催となりますが、ぜひ万障繰り合わせてお越しください。
 なお、『語用論研究』19号 (2017) に、田中廣明氏による「Istvan Kecskesの社会認知的アプローチ (Socio-cognitive Approach to Pragmatics) について」がありますので、ぜひお読みください。

 

Dr. Istvan Kecskes (Distinguished Professor of the State University of New York, Albany)

Lecturer at the Post-Conference (exact time TBA, in the evening of Monday, November 25)

Title: The socio-cognitive approach to pragmatics

Venue: Campus Plaza Kyoto (5 min. walk from Kyoto Station, 939 Higashi-Shiokoji-cho, Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto)

 

Prof. Kecskes will give us a second talk in Kyoto, on the next day from the PSJ Conference.

 

Abstract

The socio-cognitive approach (SCA) to pragmatics initiated by Kecskes (2010, 2014) integrates the pragmatic view of cooperation and the cognitive view of egocentrism and emphasizes that both cooperation and egocentrism are manifested in all phases of communication, albeit to varying extents. While cooperation is an intention-directed practice that is governed by relevance, egocentrism is an attention-oriented trait dominated by salience which is a semiotic notion that refers to the relative importance or prominence of signs. One of the main differences between current pragmatic theories and SCA is that there is no “impoverished” speaker meaning in SCA. The speaker utterance is a full proposition with pragmatic features reflecting the speaker’s intention and preferences and expressing the speaker’s commitment and egocentrism (in the cognitive sense). The proposition expressed is “underspecified” only from the hearer’s perspective but not from the speaker’s perspective. Second, communication is a dynamic process, in which individuals are not only constrained by societal conditions but they also shape them at the same time. As a consequence, communication is characterized by the interplay of two sets of traits that are inseparable, mutually supportive, and interactive:

Individual traits:                 Social traits:

prior experience                 actual situational experience

salience                              relevance

egocentrism                        cooperation

attention                             intention

In SCA interlocutors are considered as social beings searching for meaning with individual minds embedded in a socio-cultural collectivity. Individual traits (prior experience à salience àegocentrism à attention) interact with societal traits (actual situational experience à relevance àcooperation à intention). Each trait is the consequence of the other. Prior experience results in salience which leads to egocentrism that drives attention. Intention is a cooperation-directed practice that is governed by relevance which (partly) depends on actual situational experience.

 

日時 (Date)

 11月25日(月)夕方 ※時間未定
 November 25, 2019    (Exact time TBA.)

場所 (Venue)

 TBA

 

Websites by Prof. Kecskes

https://www.albany.edu/faculty/ikecskes/

https://www.albany.edu/communication/i_kecskes.php

 

TOP